|The brown hyena is dark brown with a grey head
and striped legs. It has long pale hair on its neck, shoulders and tail. The ears are
upright and pointed. It is 80 cm high at the shoulder and the forequarters are higher and
more powerful than the hindquarters.
Scientific name: Hyaena brunnea
The spotted hyena is
brown-grey with dark spots and a dark brown face. It has short hair on its body. The ears
are rounded. It is 80 cm high at the shoulder and the forequarters are higher and more
powerful than the hindquarters.
Scientific name: Crocuta crocuta
Where and how the brown hyena lives?
The brown hyena lives in Southern Africa. It prefers dry areas like the north western
parts of South Africa, the Kalahari and Namibia. (Martie & Nicola)
The brown hyena usually eats fish and crabs. It also scavenges
on carrion (like dead seals and whales that wash out on the beach), eggs and insects. It
eats melons for water. They rely on their smell because their eyesight is poorly
developed. When there is no man near they will hunt, but they usually hunt alone unlike
the spotted hyena who hunts in packs. They can digest hair, hooves, bones and horns. They
have been known to steal and eat aluminium pans from campsites. (Nicole, Ine &
Nomadic males who wander around will mate with territorial
females. Up to four puppies are born in a litter and are cared for by the group.
The brown hyena shelters in holes in the ground or among rocks
and in dense vegetation. They live in groups but hunt alone.
How can we help them?
We can fine the people who
are killing them. (Carlene & Emma)
To stop the brown hyena from eating livestock, we should stop
destroying their natural prey. (Alicia, Anthea & Megan)
We can give money to help endangered animals, so that they can
take the necessary precautions. Also dont buy anything that can harm the environment
such air fresheners without the "ozone friendly" sign. THINK BEFORE YOU ACT!
(Ulrika & Miki)
Their habitat is in danger and we must make strict laws to protect
them from people who are destroying our animals and nature. (Elmarie & René)
Pictures and Information
Encarta 1997 & 1998 - Microsoft &
The wildlife of Southern Africa Vincent Carruthers
South African Animals in the Wild Anthony Bannister
Other sites: The Hyena Pages